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Wood Flooring Installation - Moisture Concerns

Excessive moisture is a hardwood floor’s worst enemy. Moisture can infiltrate your concrete slab from a variety of sources. The most common are sprinklers too close to the home and overwatering, lack of appropriate rain gutters, other close sources of water such as swimming pools, slow-leaking appliances, leaking pipes.

Whether you choose a laminate, engineered, or solid hardwood product, the key to a long-lasting hardwood floor begins with a solid foundation. It is essential that the concrete subfloor be properly prepared so moisture can be kept down to acceptable levels that will not affect your hardwood flooring. This usually means applying a moisture barrier such as Bostiks MVP4 (Moisture Vapor Protection).

MVP

We asked our Bostiks MVP4 rep what she thought the number one cause for wood flooring installation failure was, and her reply was no surprise: preparation. Bostiks has the best sealants and adhesives in the industry, but if not applied properly even the best products can fail. Proper surface preparation (roughing the surface) using the right equipment such as a shotblaster with a dust extractor is the best.

It is rare to find a problem with a final hardwood floor installation if the process was begun properly with subfloor preparation.

Therefore, before a hardwood floor is installed, we highly recommend testing the concrete for moisture content and applying a moisture barrier such as Bostiks MVP4. Most of the people we serve find that this is a relatively small investment, well worth the longevity and beauty of their new hardwood floor.

Moisture testing methods:

  1. The visual inspection
    Sometimes moisture in concrete is obvious to the naked eye. A visual inspection of the concrete slab surface consists of identifying any of the following characteristics:
    • concrete color contrast (dark and light areas)
    • foreign material on the surface (heavy paint overspray, oils, previous sealant coatings)
    • alkali buildup (white puffy, powdery surface material)
  2. Concrete Encounter CME4 by Tramex
    This is a non-invasive method that we use regularly, in addition to doing a visual inspection. An instrument with electrodes is pressed on the concrete and it instantly measures moisture levels in the top 1/4 inch layer (range between 0% - 6%). This method identifies excessive moisture in conjunction with the visual inspection, via a comparative method. For example, if dark and light areas of concrete are visible we can measure the difference in those areas.
  3. Anhydrous Calcium Chloride Test
    Today, many inspectors and installers still use this test to evaluate moisture content, either pre- or post-installation. It is also non-invasive and takes about 3 days to administer. The calcium chloride test tends to be accurate to approximately 1/2 inch depth in quantifying the moisture vapor emissions from the concrete. It is more expensive and it can be biased or performed incorrectly, which makes it subjective at best.
  4. Relative Humidity
    This test involves drilling several small holes in the concrete and using an electronic sensor to measure the moisture levels. It has been used successfully in Europe for many years, reducing wood flooring failure rates, and it will most likely become standard in the US over the next few years. It is also the most expensive to administer.

Next Step – Installation & Cleanup